Kutzschebauch, Frank; Matematični kolokvij maj 2012

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Holomorphic factorization of maps into the special linear group

Frank Kutzschebauch

Univerza v Bernu, Švica

31. maj 2012

It is standard material in a Linear Algebra course that the group \mbox{SL}_m(\mathbb{C}) is generated by elementary matrices E+ \alpha e_{ij} \ i\ne j, i.e., matrices with 1's on the diagonal and all entries outside the diagonal are zero, except one entry.

The same question for matrices in SLm(R) where R is a commutative ring instead of the field \mathbb{C} is much more delicate, interesting is the case that R is the ring of complex valued functions (continuous, smooth, algebraic or holomorphic) from a space X.

For m\ge 3 (and any n) it is a deep result of Suslin that any matrix in \mbox{SL}_m(\mathbb{C}[\mathbb{C}^n]) decomposes as a finite product of unipotent (and equivalently elementary) matrices.

In the case of continuous complex valued functions on a topological space X the problem was studied and solved by Thurston and Vaserstein. For rings of holomorphic functions on Stein spaces, in particular on \mathbb{C}^n, this problem was explicitly posed as the Vaserstein problem by Gromov in the 1980's.

In the talk we explain a complete solution to Gromov's Vaserstein Problem from a joint work with B. Ivarsson. The proof uses a very advanced version of the Oka-principle proposed by Gromov and proved in recent years by Forstnerič: An elliptic stratified submersion over a Stein space admits a holomorphic section iff it admits a continuous section.

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